Since the cause of the pain varies widely, so can the symptoms.
In cases of bacterial orchitis, symptoms may include:
- A swollen, red, or warm scrotum
- Testicle pain and tenderness, usually on one side
- Painful urination or a frequent need to urinate
- Discharge from the penis
- Painful intercourse or ejaculation
- A lump on the testicle
- Blood in the semen
In cases of testicular cancer, the primary symptom is a hard lump or enlargement in either testicle. In cases where there are other health conditions, such as kidney stones, pain persists for more than one week.
Men who experience ongoing pain, swelling, or a hard lump in the testicles or groin should see a physician.