Treatment of prostatitis depends on the type with which you are diagnosed:
Acute bacterial prostatitis:
- Medication: Typically this infection can be treated with antibiotics, pain, and fever medicines, as well as stool softeners, fluids, and rest. If you are unable to urinate or need to take antibiotics intravenously, you may be admitted to the hospital. Treatment will last two to six weeks.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis:
- Medication: Chronic prostatitis will require antibiotics for a longer period of time, usually six to 12 weeks. Sometimes low-dose antibiotics are prescribed long term.
- Surgical treatment: Sometimes the physician will recommend the surgical removal part of the prostate to correct blockage of the urine flow.
Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome:
- Medication: The physician may prescribe alpha blockers like tamsulosin, which relax the muscle tissue in the prostate and reduce difficulties urinating. Physicians may also prescribe medications that reduce prostate size, such as finesteride. Anti-inflammatory medicines may also help.
- Lifestyle changes: Avoid spicy foods, caffeinated, or carbonated drinks or acidic foods that contain vitamin C. Heat (soaking in a warm bath), regular exercise, and stress reduction may also help.